Definition France is a state in Western Europe. Between ca. 1500 and 1789, France was a unified kingdom increasing in size and slowly moving from a medieval feudal structure towards a system of centralised and absolute rule centered around a monarch. The ruling dynasty during this period, which is also known as the so-called "Ancien Régime", was the House of Bourbon. The 17th and 18th centuries saw France expand her territory through warfare in Europe, but also through colonial aggression e.g. in Asia and the Americas. Between 1789 and 1793, the Ancien Régime was toppled in the French Revolution. France's existing political structures were dissolved and replaced by new institutions which were shaped by the revolution's ideals. However, conflicting positions and ideologies among the revolutionaries caused a period of turmoil which led to the so-called "Reign of Terror"(1793-1794), ending in the establishment of a directory (1795) which, again, was toppled in a coup by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799. Between 1799 and 1814/1815, Napoleon Bonaparte ruled France first in a consulate, then as Emperor.en
KOS Prize Papers: Ruling authority
publisher Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
created 2019-11-25
issued 2019-11-25
modified 2020-07-24

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2020-10-29T01:04:13+01:00 633 ms 1