Vice-Admiralty Court of Jamaica

Definition The Vice-Admiralty Court of Jamaica was established in 1662. It appears that prior to this first properly established court, there was a Vice-Admiralty Court in existance with doubtful legal authority. The colonial Vice-Admiralty Courts operated on three distinct levels. On the local level they heard and determined disagreements and problems of merchants and seamen. Late in the Seventeenth Century, the British Crown had added a second jurisdiction: enforcement of imperial control of trade. In 1696 the colonial Vice-Admiralty Courts were chosen as tribunals for prosecuting offenders against the trade and navigation statutes. And the court’s jurisdiction became international in times of war, when the crown created them prize courts with authority to condemn captured enemy cargoes and vessels. With the Imperial Vice-Admiralty Court Acts of 1863 and 1867, the jurisdiction of the Vice-Admiralty Courts, then existing in the English colonies, including that of Jamaica was clarified and extended.The Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act, 1890, abolished the then existing Jamaican Vice-Admiralty Court. Source: Hyman, Hugh Clifton (1989): Enforcement of maritime claims in Jamaica. Preliminary Legal Issues and the International Dimension.en
The Vice-Admiralty Court of Jamaica, sitting either in Kingston or in Spanish Town, was the oldest Vice-Admiralty Court (= Court having Admiralty jurisdiction in British possessions overseas) in the British colonies, having been established in 1662. Like colonial Admiralty courts elsewhere, it heard both ordinary, Instance causes and, in time of war, Prize causes.en
KOS prizepapers_actor Prize Papers: Person
publisher Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
created 2021-03-10
issued 2021-03-10
modified 2021-03-16

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2022-11-29T06:41:09+01:00 581 ms 1